~Chapter 4 Ears, Eyes, Sinuses, and Teeth~
~Part 3~

The design and framework of the nose is comprised of bone and cartilage. There are two small nasal bones that are considered to be extensions of the maxillae form, the bone that makes up the structure around the nose and the bridge of the nose, which is referred to as the nasal bones. The remainder of the nose structure is cartilage/flexible tissue and is considered the flexible portion
of the nose as well as acts as a bumper zone in protecting the cranium from soft to mild impacts, such as in the case of bumping our nose. There are four predominate sinuses housed inside the nasal cavity, they are the frontal sinus, the ethmoid sinus, the sphenoid sinus, and the maxillary sinus. Each of these sinuses has a very small opening through which mucus/brain fluid can drain. This secretion of mucus is a normal function and it moistens the nasal and sinus passageways as well as protects and stops/collects dust, bacteria, and pollen from entering the interior of the sinuses as well as into the brain and body, thereby keeping the structure (the body) healthy and free from disease. Our sinuses are the key to the respiratory and breathing capabilities of the entire body and its well-being. It is true that sinus problems affect many individuals. It is also well to point out when looking for facial deviations and imbalance that may represent some signs of stress, pinned up tension on the body, look at the nose. We look for nostril deviations and asymmetries, such as if one nostril is larger than the other and if the nostril openings are small or large. Many times a person with smaller nostrils will also resonate a higher pitched voice that at times represents and reflects a nasally sound. A growing child’s sinuses are not fully developed until approximately 20 years of age. The nasal cavity that is located behind the cheek and the nasal cavity located between the eyes, the ethmoid sinus are noticeable at birth. Inflammation from allergies, fever, bacterial, viral, fungal, and chemicals can all add to and cause the membranes in the nose to swell and causes the sinus openings to narrow. This then prohibits the normal flow and secretion of mucus from the brain. When this happens proper and functional respiratory, function is limited/decreased. With the build up of mucus/snot, it also adds increased pressure upon the sinuses and gives us the feeling of a stuffy nose as well as the feeling of an inflated pressurized head. This added pressure will place extra pressure upon the functional capabilities of the brain as well as added pressure upon the blood vessels and upon the cranium nerves. Many times, we notice this pressure as blood is being pumped through the cranium blood vessels and it is noticeable with the brains natural rhythmic movements as well. Many times this leads to the development of headaches and in some cases migraines. What is not commonly known is that proper respiratory function and proper sinus drainage is essential for the well being and functional capabilities of the body as a whole. When the sinus cavities swell or become clogged with mucus it limits the intake of air, thus depriving the body and the brain of an adequate supply of oxygen. As well, the decreased capabilities of respiratory function directly affect the vomer bone. The vomer bone articulates with the rhythmic pattern of ones breathing. The vomer also then works hand in hand in stimulation and articulation of the sphenoid bone. Cradled along the inside of the sphenoid bone is the master gland that feeds the nervous system, and without proper articulation/rocking motion of the sphenoid bone the master gland is limited in its ability to supply its cerebrospinal fluid to the brain, which then sends it through the central nervous system and into and throughout the spinal column. The master gland that houses this vital fluid relies on the articulation motion of the sphenoid bone to be able to pump the lubricant into the brain and the brain with its electronic pulse then distributes it throughout the body. Decreased flow of cerebrospinal fluid has a direct impact on the nervous system and the lubercation of the entire body. When these nerves and neuron fibers cease to receive the proper level of cerebrospinal fluid the body starts to ache, this being the reason why one feels achy when they are sick or have head stuffiness. At this point, the body is trying to tighten up and work against its normal/natural flow and designed. It is common that when we start to ache we decrease mobility which then directly affects the blood flow in the body, in the legs, and the body then starts to tighten up. The muscles of the body as well as limits function to the bodies organs, such as the bladder and the intestines become less operative. In the normal person this is communally referred to as being sick, but it is a good indicator what a person, a child with a disability or a child with cerebral palsy is going through. Therein, the body is trying to tighten and work against itself. In people and children with disabilities this tension and pressure goes unknown by them because they know no difference in their well being and in many cases, decreased neurological sensory feeling is the reason why they do not know that anything is wrong. However, those of you who do have normal nerve function can better understand what these people are going through and now you can move forward in helping them relieve the tension and pressure that is housed in their spine and cranium so that they to can live fuller and richer lives.
The sinuses are primarily cavities within the bone structure that allow for brain fluid/mucus to drain and ooze out through small pore shaped holes and into the back of the throat. These sinus cavities within the skeletal bones are connected to the nose through small tunnels/tubes that are no bigger than the head of a sewing pin. Blockage of these tubes/tunnels adds increased pressure upon the nose and sinuses and causes headaches and facial pain, mainly in the cheekbone region. When these tubes become clogged, with mucus it leads to a back build up of mucus as well as the ideal breeding ground for bacteria due to the accepted idea that the nose warms, filters, and moistens the air that it takes in. Allergies and fevers create swelling in the lymph nodes/membranes of the nose, the result is swelling of these structures, and it usually limits the natural capabilities of being able to efficiently clear out the mucus and bacteria from the sinus cavity. Prolonged nasal blockages will lead to adverse effects in the growth of the developing child. This tension could lead to a variety of slow developing dysfunctions and can be one of the causes of misaligned teeth formation, as well as increased pressure and tension upon the cranium and on the cranium nerves. The maxillary sinus can cause added pressurized pain and discomfort to the maxillary regions that include frontal headaches and toothaches. Frontal sinus pressure leads to discomfort and pain in the frontal regions including the cheekbones and also takes on the form of frontal headaches. Ethmoid sinus pressure causes discomfort and pain between the eyes and in the frontal regions of the face.

It is well to point out that the sinuses are not just contained to the facial portions of the head but also indeed do reach and encompass the entire cranium. Paranasal sinuses are air-filled cavities that are located throughout the frontal, maxillae, sphenoid, and the ethmoid bones, more communally and noticed as the various shaped pours within the bones themselves. These sinuses encompass, surround, and open into the nasal cavity where air intake is present. The paranasal sinuses acts as a regulator of pressure and also functions as the regulator that reduces the weight of the skull and the brain housed within. The paranasal sinus functions to secrete mucus/brain fluid, and to influence the vocal quality by acting as one of the bodies resonating chambers.

There are a hand full of sinus cavities, tinny tubes, which run throughout the cranium and intersect or end up in the major veins of the skull. These inner-housed sinus cavities provide trace amounts of air intake needed to stimulate and refreshes not only the blood supply but also helps keep the cognitive tissue of the brain healthy and active,this is referred to as oxygenization. The superior sagittal sinus, which is also referred to as the superior longitudinal sinus, occupies and is attached to the convex margin. The superior sagittal sinus connects through the formamen cecum/frontal bone and
receives a vein from the nasal cavity. It then runs along the inside grooves of the frontal cranial plate and works its way towards the back of the head passing along the inside of the parietal cranial plates and the superior divisions of the cruciate eminence, which is the ridge that divides the occiputal cranial plate into four regions. It then diverts to one side or the other and then continues as the Transverse Sinus. The superior sagittal sinus is triangular in design, narrow in the frontal cranial plate and gradually increases in size as it passes back toward the occipital. The inner surface of the superior sagittal sinus that are closest to the structure of the brain connects with the superior cerebral veins. The superior sagittal sinus and the superior cerebral veins are connected by numerous fiber folds/bands that extend across the superior sinus. As well, the superior sinus receives the superior cerebral veins through and from the diploe, the thin layer of tissue that is on the inside of the cranium walls, and from the dura mater, the outermost layer that protects the brain.

The Inferior Sagittal Sinus is also referred to as the inferior longitudinal sinus. It travels along the inside border of the flax cerebri. It receives blood from the cerebral hemispheres and along its path merges into the straight sinus.
The Straight Sinus is also referred to as the tentorial sinus and is located at the line point/junction of the flax cerebri, which is a strong, arched fold located in the dura mater, and with the tentorium cerebelli, which is an extension of the dura mater that separates the cerebellum from the inner portion of the occipital lobes. The straight sinus is triangular in shape and increases in size, as it makes its way backwards. From the end of the inferior sagittal sinus, it continues as the left transverse sinus and has a communication connection intersection referred to as the confluence of the sinuses. The confluence of the sinuses is where the superior sinus, the straight sinus, and the occipital sinus connect together. This intersection is located on the inside of the occipital protuberance of the skull the occipital protuberance being the raised section that divides the occipital cranial plate into its four regions. The intersections main and primary function is to drain blood into the left and right transverse sinuses. The straight sinus also receives the great cerebral vein, which is one of the larger blood vessels of the skull, and the superior cerebellar veins, which act as the supplier of nutrients to the vermus portion of the brain.

The Sigmoid Sinus begins beneath the temporal cranial plate region and follows joint connections to the jugular, where the sigmoid intersects and becomes part of the internal jugular vein.

The Transverse Sinuses are also known as the lateral sinuses. They begin at the internal occipital region and are the direct link and communicator to the superior sagittal sinus and to the straight sinus. The transverse sinus passes laterally forward to the base of the petrous portion of the temporal bone. The petrous portion is pyramid in shape and is wedged in at the base of the skull between the sphenoid and occipital cranial plates. In the petrous portion of the temporal bone the transverse sinuses is attached to the tentorium cerebelli, which is an extension of the dura matter that separates the cerebellum from the inner portion of the occipital lobes. From here the transverse sinuses leave the petrous portion and curves downward toward the jugular foramen, where it enters into the internal jugular vain. In the course of travel, the transverse rests along side the mastoid part of the temporal cranial plate, on the mastoid angle of the parietal cranial plate, and on the squama portion of the occipital cranial plate. The transverse sinuses are usually unequal in size, the interesting points that connect to the superior sagittal sinus increase in size as it moves from the back forward. The transverse sinuses function is to receive blood from the superior petrosal sinuses at the intersection point of the petrous portion of the temporal cranial plate. Communications to the veins are transmitted through the mastoids, the part that makes up the posterior part of the temporal bone, and via the condyloid emissary veins. The condyloid emissary veins drain the inner cranial venous sinuses to veins on the outside of the cranial housing/structure. The condyloid emissary veins also act as valves, allowing blood to flow into the cranium structure of the skull as well as making it possible for the transmission of outward cranial infection, infections that are on the outside of the cranial wall, to access into the intracranial structure. The transverse sinuses also receive some of the inferior cerebellar veins, as well as some of the veins that emerge through the diploe, the thin layer of tissue that is on the inside of the cranium walls. When present the petrosquamous sinus runs backwards along the squama junctions and the petrous temporal junctions, these petrosquamous sinuses then open into the transverse sinus.

The flow and transformation of oxygen into the cranial sinuses provides the brain and the body stimulation and refreshes the blood supply so that the body structure as a whole continues to operate smoothly and effectively. When there is clogged pores or clogged sinuses resulting from improper flow and drainage of mucus/brain fluid it adds and stresses the inner sinus cavities throughout the head. This stress then adds and manifests itself in pressure and directly affects the blood flow and proper drainage of the blood off of the brain. It also then hinders the flow of blood back out of the internal jugular vain. It can be approximated that the lack of proper stimulation in the internal cavity sinuses may indeed lead to stagnant blood supplies that in turn manifest themselves in the forms of clots. These formations of blood clots in the cranium result in strokes, miss firing of brain signals in relation to neurological impulses and can cause and lead to various aspects of Alzheimer’s and brain deficiency/injury. Add to this the tension of the cranial plates being miss-placed or locked and there is direct added pressure applied to the brain. No single effect upon the cranium will have profound compilations, however everything works hand in hand and what effect one aspect or region will have a direct or an indirect impact in a disabling formation/effect upon the body’s structure. Without proper respiratory, function to stimulate the master gland and to stimulate the inertial sinuses and blood flow, then the nervous system suffers a lack of sufficient lubrication and supply. If the brain is having difficulties sending and receiving neurological impulse signals to and from the central nervous system then various dysfunctions will eventually show themselves.

Endonasal balloon therapy/nasal specific therapy is the only means of being able to deliver a controlled applied adjustment to the nasal and sinuses passageways. As well it is the only way to correctly and properly adjust the cranial faults, the joints/membrane’s, to allow the cranial plates to release their tension. Thereby, releasing tension on the nervous system, sinuses, and to the blood supply, allowing the brain to expand and contract with ease. This also allows the brain to properly grow without limitation or adverse pressure. Endonasal/nasal specific also realigns the cranial plates back to their original design. This therapy also has a direct impact on the spinal column/brainstem. Once the pressure is released on the cranium specifically the sphenoid and the occipital cranium plates it likewise releases the pressure that is built up in the spinal column and in the brainstem. This release of pressure will further stimulate the nervous system and further enhance the abilities of the bodies inner organs and limbs, restoring mobility and feeling. The simple inflation of a finger cot/balloon into the three nasal passageways and protruded out into the upper back of the throat is the most reliable, controlled technique and in many cases surpasses medically controlled drugs and operations in offering life long permanent changes to the structure of the disfunctioning body. Each time endonasal/nasal specific technique is used it unlocks a portion of the tension that is stored and presenting pressure upon the body. Over time and with regular treatments the body will indeed unwind and return to a functional state.

Adjustments to the sinuses will allow a full spectrum of enhancements, including clearing out the sinuses from clogged mucus build up as well as being able to aid in the release of headaches and assist those with allergies. It also reverses the effects of the following listed conditions below.

There are a handful of symptoms that are associated with sinus blockage they are as follows.

Bad Breath
Bad taste in mouth
Facial pain,
Discolored mucus from the nose (yellow/green)
Discolored post-nasal drainage
Loss of smell and taste
Nasal obstruction/blockage
Sore upper teeth
Temperature or shivers
Bilateral Nasal Specific A Patients Perspective By David H Jones
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~ Nasal ~